What is composting?
Tips for easy composting at home
- Get a compost bin
You could buy a special compost bin but, honestly, any container with a lid would do. A plastic container such as an old bin is a good option but make sure it has a lid. Your compost bin needs sufficient air to circulate within it so drill small holes on the top, bottom and sides.
The size of the bin depends on how big your household is and how much food scraps you usually generate.
- Line and prepare your bin
To ensure that nothing seeps out of your bin, line the sides with cardboard. It’s also best if your bin is elevated and not touching the ground so place some bricks or stones at the bottom. Your bin won’t need sunlight so place it in a spot where it’s not bright but gets lots of air.
Place some compost in the bin. You can either buy this or get it from someone who already has a compost bin. This is needed to start the composting process as it would already contain the microorganisms required. Add water to this mixture and mix it enough to ensure it’s just moist, not wet.
- Fill your bin
The key to getting the best out of your composting is to balance what are known as “green” and “brown” materials. The microorganisms need a mixture of nitrogen and carbon to get the job done and need different sources for this.
Nitrogen can be found in “greens” such as fruit, vegetables, flowers, eggshells, tea leaves or teabags, and coffee grounds. And “browns” like twigs, dead leaves, cardboard and newspaper provide the required carbon. Maintaining a 50-50 balance of these two is best. Do not add meat or dairy products to your compost bin as this would only encourage pests and bad odours.